There are different types of beer glasses for the different styles of beer. The glasses are made to complement the beer it is made for. Reasons include enhancing aromatic volatiles, and giving the beer an inviting apperance.
Pilsner glasses are generally smaller than a pint glass usually 250ml to 330ml. They are tall, slender and tapered and will reveal the colour, carbonation of the beer and the broad top will help maintain a good beer head.These glasses are used for light beers such as pilsners and pale lager.
A pint glass holds an imperial pint which is about 560ml of beer. The four common types of pint glasses are nonic, jug, conical and flared top and are usually used for drinking stout, porter and bitter.
WHEAT BEER GLASS
Originating in Germany, this glass is used to serve Wheat beer. The glass is narrow at the bottom and slightly wider at the top. It is taller than a pint glass and holds 500ml with room for the often fluffy thick heads produced by wheat beer.
STANGE AND BECHER
A stange (rod in German) is traditionally used for Kolsch (a beer brewed in Cologne). A becher traditionally used for altbier (a top-fermenting beer brewed in Dusseldorf) is similar, though slightly shorter and fatter. Both usually hold 200-300cc and are cylindrical.
The body of the tulip glass is bulbous and the top flares out to form a lip which heps head retention. This glass not only heps trap the aroma but also hepls in maintaining large heads. This glass is usually used for Scottish ales. Some pint glasses which taper outwards towards the top are also called Tulip galasses.
GOBLET OR CHALICE
These are large, stemmed, bowl shaped glasses for serving heavy Belgian beers, Germand Bocks, and other big sipping beers.The distinction between Goblets and chalice is the thickness of the glass, goblets tend to be thin and the chalice is heavy and thick walled.
The Beerboots or Bierstiefel, have over a century of history and culture behind them. It is commonly known that a gereral somewhere promised his troops to drink beer from his boot if their were successful in battle. When the troops prevailed, the general had a glassmaker fashon a boot from glass to furfill a promise without tasting his own feet and avoid spoliing the beer in his leather boot. Since then soldiers have enjoyed toasting to their victories with a beer boot.